The Shikoku is an endurance dog with a naive sensibility, who is lively and highly attentive. He is an ardent hunter who is submissive to his master.
The original Shikoku, or Kochi-ken, existed on the island of Shikoku in the mountain ranges of Kochi Prefecture. The Matagi (Japanese hunters) regarded them highly as game trackers, particularly for wild boar. He is a medium-sized dog with well-defined, well-balanced muscles. He has pointed ears and a sickle-shaped tail. His build is powerful, well-boned, and compact. His exterior coat is rough and straight, with a soft and dense undercoat. His tail has a lot of hair. His coat might be red, black, and tan, or sesame, a mixture of black, red, and white hairs.